From the U.S. Code Online via GPO Access
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[Laws in effect as of January 23, 2000]
[Document not affected by Public Laws enacted between
  January 23, 2000 and December 4, 2001]
[CITE: 50USC1520a]

 
                   TITLE 50--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE
 
           CHAPTER 32--CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WARFARE PROGRAM
 
Sec. 1520a. Restrictions on use of human subjects for testing of 
        chemical or biological agents
        

(a) Prohibited activities

    The Secretary of Defense may not conduct (directly or by contract)--
        (1) any test or experiment involving the use of a chemical agent 
    or biological agent on a civilian population; or
        (2) any other testing of a chemical agent or biological agent on 
    human subjects.

(b) Exceptions

    Subject to subsections (c), (d), and (e) of this section, the 
prohibition in subsection (a) of this section does not apply to a test 
or experiment carried out for any of the following purposes:
        (1) Any peaceful purpose that is related to a medical, 
    therapeutic, pharmaceutical, agricultural, industrial, or research 
    activity.
        (2) Any purpose that is directly related to protection against 
    toxic chemicals or biological weapons and agents.
        (3) Any law enforcement purpose, including any purpose related 
    to riot control.

(c) Informed consent required

    The Secretary of Defense may conduct a test or experiment described 
in subsection (b) of this section only if informed consent to the 
testing was obtained from each human subject in advance of the testing 
on that subject.

(d) Prior notice to Congress

    Not later than 30 days after the date of final approval within the 
Department of Defense of plans for any experiment or study to be 
conducted by the Department of Defense (whether directly or under 
contract) involving the use of human subjects for the testing of a 
chemical agent or a biological agent, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report 
setting forth a full accounting of those plans, and the experiment or 
study may then be conducted only after the end of the 30-day period 
beginning on the date such report is received by those committees.

(e) ``Biological agent'' defined

    In this section, the term ``biological agent'' means any micro-
organism (including bacteria, viruses, fungi, rickettsiac, or protozoa), 
pathogen, or infectious substance, and any naturally occurring, 
bioengineered, or synthesized component of any such micro-organism, 
pathogen, or infectious substance, whatever its origin or method of 
production, that is capable of causing--
        (1) death, disease, or other biological malfunction in a human, 
    an animal, a plant, or another living organism;
        (2) deterioration of food, water, equipment, supplies, or 
    materials of any kind; or
        (3) deleterious alteration of the environment.

(Pub. L. 105-85, div. A, title X, Sec. 1078, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 
1915; Pub. L. 106-65, div. A, title X, Sec. 1067(4), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 
Stat. 774.)

                          Codification

    Section is comprised of section 1078 of Pub. L. 105-85. Subsec. (f) 
of section 1078 of Pub. L. 105-85 amended section 1523(b) of this title. 
Subsec. (g) of section 1078 of Pub. L. 105-85 repealed section 1520 of 
this title.
    Section was enacted as part of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1998, and not as part of Pub. L. 91-121, title IV, 
Sec. 409, Nov. 19, 1969, 83 Stat. 209, which comprises this chapter.


                               Amendments

    1999--Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106-65 substituted ``and the Committee on 
Armed Services'' for ``and the Committee on National Security''.